A traumatic brain injury, also known as a TBI, is an injury that disrupts normal function of the brain due to a violent blow or jolt to the head. TBI’s are usually caused by a sudden force or penetration to the skull, often resulting from a severe sports injury or an accident.
More than 2.5 million people are treated for traumatic brain injuries each year in the U.S. While some may require a shorter recovery time, others need extensive, lifelong care and rehabilitation. The severity of a TBI is determined by using the Glasgow Coma Scale, a system designed to describe the level of impaired consciousness in trauma patients.
In the following article, we will explain the causes of a traumatic brain injury, common symptoms of a TBI and how The Advocates can help you get the recovery you deserve.
Causes of a Traumatic Brain Injury
TBIs are generally caused by a traumatic amount of force to the head or body. These injuries can be external, meaning the damage is only within the brain itself, or they can be internal, meaning an object has penetrated the outer covering of the skull.
Here are the most common causes of a TBI:
1. Sports/Recreational Activities– High-contact sports such as football or hockey are a major cause of TBIs. According to the UPMC Sports Medicine Concussion Program, there are about 1.7 to 3 million sports- and recreation-related head injuries each year.
2. Traffic Accidents– Any transportation accident involving cars, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, pedestrians, rideshares and trains can cause a traumatic brain injury. Accidents are the second-leading cause of traumatic brain injuries in the U.S. Nearly 20% of all TBIs result from a transportation accident.
3. Falls– More than half of emergency department visits involving TBIs result from falls. Adults age 65 and older and small children pose the highest risk of getting a TBI from a fall.
4. Blast Injuries Due to Combat or Training– Another common cause of traumatic brain injuries occur when soldiers are exposed to explosive blasts. Some explosion debris or shrapnel cause penetration wounds.
5. Violence– Gunshot wounds, domestic abuse, child abuse and other types of assault can also cause TBIs. Even shaken baby syndrome is an example of head trauma.
Common Symptoms of a TBI
Most traumatic brain injuries that occur each year are mild and commonly referred to as concussions, according to the CDC. The signs and symptoms of a concussion or other type of brain injury can be difficult to determine. However, these symptoms typically include:
- Confusion and disorientation
- Blurry vision
- Difficulty remembering the accident
- Cognitive impairments, like processing new information
- Slurred speech
- Mood changes
If you were injured in an accident and are experiencing any of the symptoms above, whether they are immediate or delayed, you should seek medical attention right away.
When to Call an Idaho Personal Injury Attorney
If you or a loved one suffered a traumatic brain injury due to someone else’s reckless behavior, then you will need an Advocate on your side.
Here at The Advocates, we have helped thousands of accident victims recover compensation for their injuries. Don’t wait to speak with an Advocate.
Call us today at 208-291-5995 for a complimentary legal consultation or chat with us online on our homepage.